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Church buildings are the most obvious markers of Aboriginal villages, distinguishing them from Taiwanese or Hakka villages".

Confucianism is a philosophy that deals with secular moral ethics, and serves as the foundation of both Chinese and Taiwanese culture.

The majority of Taiwanese people usually combine the secular moral teachings of Confucianism with whatever religions they are affiliated with.

As of [update] , there were 14, temples in Taiwan, approximately one place of worship per 1, residents. In , Taiwan had 3, Churches, an increase of A significant percentage of the population of Taiwan is nonreligious.

Taiwan's strong human rights protections, lack of state-sanctioned discrimination, and generally high regard for freedom of religion or belief earned it a joint 1 ranking in the Freedom of Thought Report , alongside the Netherlands and Belgium.

Taiwan is clearly an outlier in the top 3, all-clear countries. It is non-European, and demographically much more religious. But in its relatively open, democratic and tolerant society we have recorded no evidence of laws or social discrimination against members of the non-religious minority.

On 24 May , the Constitutional Court ruled that then-current marriage laws had been violating the Constitution by denying Taiwanese same-sex couples the right to marry.

The Court ruled that if the Legislative Yuan did not pass adequate amendments to Taiwanese marriage laws within two years, same-sex marriages would automatically become lawful in Taiwan.

The current programme was implemented in , and is considered to be a form of social insurance. A standard method of calculation applies to all persons and can optionally be paid by an employer or by individual contributions.

BNHI insurance coverage requires co-payment at the time of service for most services unless it is a preventative health service, for low-income families, veterans, children under three years old, or in the case of catastrophic diseases.

Only 4. During the outbreak the disease control bureaux and local governments set up monitored stations throughout public transportation, recreational sites and other public areas.

In , the infant mortality rate was 4. The cultures of Taiwan are a hybrid blend of various sources, incorporating elements of traditional Chinese culture, attributable to the historical and ancestral origin of the majority of its current residents, Japanese culture, traditional Confucianist beliefs, and increasingly Western values.

After their move to Taiwan, the Kuomintang imposed an official interpretation of traditional Chinese culture over Taiwan.

The government launched a policy promoting Chinese calligraphy , traditional Chinese painting , folk art , and Chinese opera.

The status of Taiwanese culture is debated. Reflecting the continuing controversy surrounding the political status of Taiwan , politics continues to play a role in the conception and development of a Taiwanese cultural identity, especially in the prior dominant frame of a Taiwanese and Chinese dualism.

In recent years, the concept of Taiwanese multiculturalism has been proposed as a relatively apolitical alternative view, which has allowed for the inclusion of mainlanders and other minority groups into the continuing re-definition of Taiwanese culture as collectively held systems of meaning and customary patterns of thought and behaviour shared by the people of Taiwan.

One of Taiwan's greatest attractions is the National Palace Museum , which houses more than , pieces of Chinese bronze, jade, calligraphy, painting, and porcelain and is considered one of the greatest collections of Chinese art and objects in the world.

The PRC had said that the collection was stolen and has called for its return, but the ROC has long defended its control of the collection as a necessary act to protect the pieces from destruction, especially during the Cultural Revolution.

Relations regarding this treasure have warmed recently; Beijing Palace Museum Curator Zheng Xinmiao said that artefacts in both Chinese and Taiwanese museums are "China's cultural heritage jointly owned by people across the Taiwan Strait".

Karaoke , drawn from contemporary Japanese culture, is extremely popular in Taiwan, where it is known as KTV. KTV businesses operate in a hotel-like style, renting out small rooms and ballrooms according to the number of guests in a group.

Many KTV establishments partner with restaurants and buffets to form all-encompassing and elaborate evening affairs for families, friends, or businessmen.

Tour buses that travel around Taiwan have several TV's, equipped not for watching movies, but primarily for singing Karaoke. There, movies out on DVD can be selected and played in a private theatre room.

However, MTV, more so than KTV, has a growing reputation for being a place that young couples will go to be alone and intimate.

Taiwan has a high density of hour convenience stores, which, in addition to the usual services, provide services on behalf of financial institutions or government agencies such as collection of parking fees, utility bills, traffic violation fines, and credit card payments.

Taiwanese culture has also influenced other cultures. Bubble tea and milk tea has now become a global phenomenon with its popularity spreading across the globe.

Taiwanese films have won various international awards at film festivals around the world. Baseball is Taiwan's national sport and is a popular spectator sport.

As of [update] , the CPBL has four teams with average attendance over 5, per game. Besides baseball, basketball is Taiwan's other major sport.

Taiwan participates in international sporting organizations and events under the name of " Chinese Taipei " due to its political status.

In , Taiwan hosted two international sporting events on the island. The World Games were held in Kaohsiung between 16 and 26 July Taipei hosted the 21st Summer Deaflympics in September of the same year.

Furthermore, Taipei hosted the Summer Universiade in Taekwondo has become a mature and successful sport in Taiwan in recent years.

In the Olympics, Chen Shih-hsin and Chu Mu-yen won the first two gold medals in women's flyweight event and men's flyweight event, respectively.

Subsequent taekwondo competitors such as Yang Shu-chun have strengthened Taiwan's taekwondo culture. Taiwan has a long history of strong international presence in table tennis.

Chen Pao-pei was a gold medalist in the women's singles at the Asian Table Tennis Championships in and gold medalist with Chiang Tsai-yun in the women's doubles and women's team events.

In lawn tennis , Hsieh Su-wei is the country's most successful player, having been ranked inside the top 25 in singles in the WTA rankings.

They won their 13th WTA tournament together at the Eastbourne International , [] the second-highest number of wins for a pair of sisters after the Williams sisters.

Taiwan is also a major Asian country for Korfball. She is the youngest player ever, male or female, to win five major championships and was ranked number 1 in the Women's World Golf Rankings for consecutive weeks from to Taiwan's strength in badminton is demonstrated by the current world No.

The standard Gregorian calendar is used for most purposes in Taiwan. The year is often denoted by the Minguo era system which starts in , the year the ROC was founded.

The East Asian date format is used in Chinese. Prior to standardisation in , the official calendar was a lunisolar system , which remains in use today for traditional festivals such as the Lunar New Year , the Lantern Festival , and the Dragon Boat Festival.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Republic of China disambiguation. For other uses, see Taiwan disambiguation.

Country in East Asia. Show globe island of Taiwan highlighted. Show map of Taiwan dark green with ROC constitutional territorial claims as interpreted by the Kuomintang light green.

Website taiwan. See the History of China article for historical information in mainland China before Main article: Taiwan under Qing rule.

Main article: Taiwan under Japanese rule. Main article: Republic of China — See also: Martial law in Taiwan and Taiwan Miracle.

See also: Politics of the Republic of China. Main article: Geography of Taiwan. Main article: Geology of Taiwan.

Main article: Political status of Taiwan. See also: Cross-Strait relations. Main article: Foreign relations of Taiwan.

See also: Taiwan independence and Chinese Unification. Emblem of the Kuomintang , the main Pan-Blue Coalition party.

Main articles: Taiwanese identity and Chinese nationalism. Main article: Administrative divisions of Taiwan. New Taipei. Hsinchu County.

Chiayi County. Taiwan Province. Lienchiang Matsu. Fujian Province. Taiwan Strait. South China Sea. East China Sea.

Pescadores Channel. Bashi Channel. Philippine Sea Pacific Ocean. Main article: Republic of China Armed Forces.

See also: Republic of China Military Academy. Main articles: Economy of Taiwan and Economic history of Taiwan.

Main article: Transportation in Taiwan. Main article: Demographics of Taiwan. Main article: List of cities in Taiwan.

Largest cities and special municipalities in Taiwan source. Main articles: Taiwanese people , Han Taiwanese , and Taiwanese indigenous peoples.

Main article: Languages of Taiwan. Main article: Religion in Taiwan. Buddhists Unaffiliated Christians 5.

Others This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

November Main article: Healthcare in Taiwan. In-patient care Ambulatory care Laboratory tests Prescription and over-the-counter drugs Dental services Mental Illness Traditional Chinese medicine Home care Preventative services check-ups, prenatal care, pap smears.

Main articles: Culture of Taiwan and Cultural history of Taiwan. See also: Taiwanese Wave. Main article: Sports in Taiwan. Main article: Minguo calendar.

See also: Chinese calendar and Public holidays in Taiwan. Taiwan portal Islands portal. Archived from the original on 1 November Retrieved 1 November Taipei Times.

Retrieved 7 December Retrieved 22 May Executive Yuan, R. Retrieved 31 May The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency.

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Retrieved 30 October Retrieved 26 June Retrieved 29 May Government and Politics in Taiwan. London: Routledge. Moreover, its status as a vibrant democratic state has earned it huge international sympathy and a generally positive image.

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Archived from the original Excel on 11 August Retrieved 12 November United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 9 December Retrieved 2 July The Wall Street Journal.

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The Taiwan Voter. University of Michigan Press. The Republic of China Yearbook Archived from the original PDF on 14 May Sketches from Formosa.

London: Marshall Brothers. The true derivation of the name "Taiwan" is actually from the ethnonym of a tribe in the southwest part of the island in the area around Ping'an.

As early as , a Dutch missionary referred to this group as Taiouwang. From the name of the tribe, the Portuguese called the area around Ping'an as Tayowan, Taiyowan, Tyovon, Teijoan, Toyouan, and so forth.

Indeed, already in his ship's log of , the Dutchman Cornelis Reijersen referred to the area as Teijoan and Taiyowan. Tainan City Government.

Taipei: National Palace Museum. April Retrieved 15 July Retrieved 16 June Office of the President of the Republic of China Taiwan.

Well, the idea is that we don't have a need to declare ourselves an independent state. Retrieved 11 June Tsao, ed. Archived from the original PDF on 18 April Asian Perspectives.

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Greenwood Publishing Group. Archived from the original on 19 April Government Information Office. Archived from the original on 27 October University of California Press.

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Retrieved 14 June China Daily. Archived from the original on 16 April Retrieved 20 April Retrieved 9 September Taiwan: A Political History.

Retrieved 1 September The sovereignty was Japanese until The Japanese Treaty came into force, and at that time Formosa was being administered by the Chinese Nationalists, to whom it was entrusted in , as a military occupation.

American Journal of International Law. After occupying Taiwan in as a result of Japan's surrender, the Nationalists were defeated on the mainland in , abandoning it to retreat to Taiwan.

China Today in Chinese. New York. Upland, California: Taiwan Publishing Company. Retrieved 18 December Government Information Office, Republic of China.

Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved 13 September BBC News. Retrieved 21 June The Cold War. Pearson Education. In Chiang Kai-shek had transferred to Taiwan the government, gold reserve, and some of the army of his Republic of China.

The Taiwanese Americans. Archived from the original on 10 February Section 1: Since the KMT ruling clique retreated to Taiwan, its regime has continued to use the designations 'Republic of China' and 'government of the Republic of China,' despite having long since completely forfeited its right to exercise state sovereignty on behalf of China.

Decree to establish martial law in Taiwan] in Chinese. Retrieved 23 May New Taiwan, Ilha Formosa. Archived from the original on 1 April Papers of Harry S.

Truman: Naval Aide Files". Truman Presidential Library and Museum: 1 and 4. Page 1: In addition 7th Fleet will take station so as to prevent invasion of Formosa and to insure that Formosa not be used as base of operations against Chinese mainland.

Taiwan's presidential politics. And during the later stages of the civil war it was able to end the hyperinflation on Taiwan, something it was unable to do on the mainland despite two attempts.

Retrieved 16 December Gillin Gillin eds. Prescriptions for saving China: selected writings of Sun Yat-sen. Hoover Press. The party first applied Sun's concept of political tutelage by governing through martial law, not tolerating opposition parties, controlling the public media, and using the constitution drawn up on the China mainland to govern.

Thus, much of the world in those years gave the government low scores for democracy and human rights but admitted it had accomplished an economic miracle.

Democracy's new leaders in the Republic of China on Taiwan. Although this party [the KMT] had initiated a democratic breakthrough and guided the democratic transition, it had also upheld martial law for thirty-six years and severely repressed political dissent and any efforts to establish an opposition party.

Consolidating Taiwan's democracy. University Press of America. Also, the "Temporary Provisions" of the Constitution did not permit forming new political parties, and those that existed at this time did not seriously compete with the Nationalist Party.

Thus, at the national level the KMT did not permit competitive democratic elections. Divided Languages?

Springer Science. Retrieved 3 July Retrieved 15 September Archived from the original on 11 February USA Today. China Brief. Archived from the original — Scholar search on 13 April Retrieved 4 April The Economist.

Financial Times. Voice of America. Retrieved 1 August Retrieved 5 January Retrieved 6 January Yuan , p.

Retrieved 18 September CommonWealth Magazine. University of Arizona. Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 30 May Archived from the original on 13 February Section 1: "Since the KMT ruling clique retreated to Taiwan, although its regime has continued to use the designations "Republic of China" and "government of the Republic of China," it has long since completely forfeited its right to exercise state sovereignty on behalf of mainland China and, in reality, has always remained only a separate state on the island of Taiwan.

It has its own constitution, democratically elected leaders, and , troops in its armed forces. Archived from the original PDF on 21 May Federation of American Scientists.

Retrieved 7 June Archived from the original PDF on 11 March Retrieved 5 March The PRC refusal to renounce using military power against Taiwan, its current emphasis on 'enhancing preparation for military struggle', its obvious intention of preparing a war against Taiwan reflected in operational deployment, readiness efforts, and annual military exercises in the Southeast China coastal region, and its progress in aerospace operations, information warfare, paralyzing warfare, and non-conventional warfare, all of these factors work together so that the ROC Armed Forces face an increasingly complicated and difficult situation in terms of self-defense and counterattack.

These multiple daunting challenges are testing our defense security. The New York Times. Retrieved 14 April South China Morning Post.

CCTV News. Retrieved 3 June Japan Times. Retrieved 4 June China Post. Archived from the original on 10 November Central News Agency.

Retrieved 4 November The Guardian. Retrieved 2 June Retrieved 12 February Focus Taiwan. The Central News Agency. Retrieved 28 May The international status of Taiwan in the new world order.

Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Five Principles of Chinese Foreign Policies. The Heritage Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July Retrieved 19 July Agence France-Presse.

Archived from the original on 6 February Retrieved 17 July United States Department of State. New Taiwan. Retrieved 7 May This event has been the most successful medical-related diplomatic record over the past years".

Republic of China: Ministry of Health and Welfare. Retrieved 27 January Taiwan Info. Archived from the original on 19 January Retrieved 2 January Retrieved 31 March Lin 5 August The Deseret News.

Retrieved 13 June Since neither outcome looks likely in the short or even medium term, it is perhaps not surprising that opinion polls suggest most Taiwanese people want things to stay as they are, with the island's ambiguous status unresolved.

Retrieved 9 June Retrieved 6 October Taiwan's sovereignty belongs to the 23 million people of Taiwan. It is also a common position shared by both the ruling and opposition parties in Taiwan.

The Republic of China Yearbook. Archived from the original PDF on 12 May Judicial review in new democracies. Cambridge University Press.

Law, capitalism and power in Asia. Article 5 — via Wikisource. Retrieved 2 November Retrieved 17 January The Washington Post. Retrieved 31 October International Crisis Group.

Archived from the original on 9 July China: Fragile Superpower. Oxford University Press. A political and economic dictionary of East Asia.

The Pan-Blue coalition on the whole favours a Chinese nationalist identity and policies supporting reunification and increased economic links with the People's Republic of China.

The Times. Chase 4 September Asian Survey. Retrieved 13 August Al Jazeera. BBC Monitoring. Taiwan News. The Diplomat.

Power shift. For one thing, I believe there is recognition that the awareness of Taiwanese identity is now irreversible.

But it did not take much time to perceive that it would cause a backlash among the Taiwan populace.

The cross-strait exchanges have also brought about opposition demonstrations from time to time. This appears to be one of the reasons for the abrupt decline in the approval rating of the Ma administration.

I am Taiwanese as well as Chinese. Global Views Survey Research Center. Archived from the original PDF on 29 April Archived from the original on 23 March Do you identify yourself as Taiwanese or Chinese?

Do you identify yourself as Taiwanese, Chinese or both Taiwanese and Chinese? Taylor This is viewed as especially the case among the senior officers of the ROC Army.

Hence, many DPP leaders insist that the first step to building a more secure Taiwan is to bring the military more fully under civilian control, to remove the dominant influence of conservative KMT elements, and to reduce what is regarded as an excessive emphasis on the maintenance of inappropriate ground force capabilities, as opposed to more appropriate air and naval capabilities.

Archived from the original on 6 January Archived from the original on 28 April Retrieved 5 June Archived from the original on 27 January The Straits Times.

Archived from the original on 13 March Central News Agency website, Taipei. By excluding the French companies from the bidding lists of many contract, Peking wanted above all to stop a growing trend In spite of the ban of arms sales to Taiwan approved by the French government in January , discreet and small-sized deals have continued to be concluded since then.

RAND Corporation. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 11 April Unipolar politics. The Japanese leadership openly split on whether a crisis in Taiwan was included in the geographic expression "area surrounding Japan.

The two sides have not articulated clearly what the alliance stands for , nor who it is defined to protect against.

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Archived from the original on 27 September China Times. Retrieved 21 February It was the aid policy that brought the budget to near balance, and when the aid programme reached its full proportions in , prices stabilized.

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Strategies to avoid excessive "Sinicization" of the Taiwanese economy could include efforts to increase geographic diversity of overseas Taiwanese employment, diversifying Taiwan's export markets and investment.

Others point out that closer business ties makes Chinese military action less likely, because of the cost to China's own economy.

Archived from the original on 10 May Asia Times Online. Archived from the original on 8 June World Trade Organization.

Mak Asian higher education. The Australian. Retrieved 19 August The latest ranking of top countries in math, reading, and science is out — and the US didn't crack the top Too many college graduates, too few machinists".

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ICEF Monitor. International Business Publications. Invest in Taiwan, Department of Investment Services. Smith, Douglas Middle education in the Middle Kingdom.

Retrieved 24 May Archived from the original on 29 March Retrieved 2 February February Taipei: Government Information Office.

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Government of Information Office. Archived from the original on 8 July Pew Research Center. Retrieved 19 May Cultural Survival Quarterly Retrieved 21 March Retrieved 15 October The most sensitive sector is likely to be agriculture, as Taiwan has a significant body of small-scale farmers.

Instruments like a government land-bank and a reverse mortgage could do the trick, allowing a farmer to sell his land to the government in exchange for a lifetime ability to maintain the property as his residence along with 20 years of guaranteed income.

Second, the FTA would also need to be digital. Third, the U. The point here is that the U. Fourth, Taiwan could continue to tidy up with selective liberalization.

One example: Are there economic sectors where Taiwan currently has higher tariffs or trade barriers than China? Lastly, the FTA should model and communicate.

Time to start exploring what an FTA would look like. What would be the anti-inflationary impact? Would Taiwan investors have greater access to U. What would be the benefit to the Taiwan-China supply chain?

Which U. It would be useful to start the rounds of think-tank work, panel discussions and modeling. If the desire is for the U. Thanks to the U.

Senate for helping move the conversation along. Whether in banking, trade negotiations, or e-commerce, my professional life is helping companies win in new markets, with a particular focus on China.

As CEO of Export. Department of Commerce. Before that, I was the U. Ambassador to Singapore.

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Is Taiwan a free COUNTRY? Free taiwan Free taiwan

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Please, indicate what problem has been found. The download is not working. Furthermore, the Potsdam Declaration and Cairo Communique are often cited as indisputable bases for Chinese sovereignty over Taiwan.

However, this point is dubious given that it has a huge amount of influence over the UN as one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council.

The Beijing government also claims that the majority of countries recognize Taiwan as a province of China, though this is only a half-truth.

People's Republic of China authorities also accuse the US, Japan, and the EU of interfering in "Chinese internal affairs", claiming that the United States is responsible for separating Taiwan from China, and is responsible for manufacturing "artificial" pro-independence sentiments within Taiwan.

Most governments, including the U. Within the Pan-Green Coalition of Taiwan, there are two main factions. The faction that is currently in power aims to attain official international recognition for the reality of " two Chinas ", where the PRC and the ROC can coexist; later, the ROC can gradually "transform" itself into a Taiwanese state whilst avoiding a major conflict with the PRC.

Whereas, the other faction aims to directly achieve Taiwan independence through a more abrupt and complete overthrowal of ROC institutions within Taiwan, which the faction views to be illegitimate.

The use of " independence " for Taiwan can be ambiguous. If some supporters articulate that they agree to the independence of Taiwan, they may either be referring to the notion of formally creating an independent Taiwanese state, or to the notion that Taiwan has become synonymous with the current Republic of China from Resolution on Taiwan's Future and that ROC-Taiwan is already independent as reflected in the evolving concept from Four Noes and One Without to One Country on Each Side ; both of these ideas run counter to the claims of China PRC.

Many supporters of independence for Taiwan view the history of Taiwan since the 17th century as a continuous struggle for independence and use it as an inspiration for the current political movement.

According to this view, the people indigenous to Taiwan and those who have taken up residence there have been repeatedly occupied by groups including the Dutch , the Spanish , the Ming , Koxinga and the Ming loyalists, the Qing , the Japanese and finally the Chinese Nationalists led by the Kuomintang.

From a pro-independence supporter's point of view, the movement for Taiwan independence began under Qing rule in the s which led to a well known saying those days, "Every three years an uprising, every five years a rebellion".

Taiwan Independence supporters compared Taiwan under Kuomintang rule to South Africa under apartheid. Modern-day political movement for Taiwan independence dates back to the Japanese colonial period but only became a viable political force within Taiwan in the s.

Taiwanese independence was advocated periodically during the Japanese colonial period, but was suppressed by the Japanese government. These efforts were the goal of the Taiwanese Communist Party of the late s.

Unlike current formulations, and in line with the thinking of the Comintern , such a state would have been a proletarian one.

However, it was a movement supported by the Chinese students who were born on the Island and not associated with KMT.

It found its roots in the US and Japan. Thomas Liao was nominally the President. At one time it held quasi-official relations with the newly independent Indonesia.

This was possible mainly through the connections between Sukarno and the Provisional Government's Southeast Asian liaison, Chen Chih-hsiung , who had assisted in Indonesia's local resistance movements against the Japanese rule.

After the Kuomintang began to rule the island, the focus of the movement was as a vehicle for discontent from the native Taiwanese against the rule of " mainlanders " i.

The February 28 Incident in and the ensuing martial law that lasted until contributed to the period of White Terror on the island.

In , the Kaohsiung Incident , occurred as the movement for democracy and independence intensified. Between and , the official position [15] of the ROC government on Taiwan was that it was the legitimate government of all of China and it used this position as justification for authoritarian measures such as the refusal to vacate the seats held by delegates elected on the mainland in for the Legislative Yuan.

The Taiwan independence movement intensified in response to this and presented an alternative vision of a sovereign and independent Taiwanese state.

This vision was represented through a number of symbols such as the use of Taiwanese in opposition to the school-taught Mandarin Chinese.

Several scholars drafted various versions of a constitution , as both political statement or vision and as intellectual exercise.

Most of these drafts favor a bicameral parliamentary rather than presidential system. In at least one such draft, seats in the upper house would be divided equally among Taiwan's established ethnicities.

In the s the Chinese Nationalist government considered publication of these ideas criminal. Rather than giving himself up, Cheng self-immolated in protest.

Other campaigns and tactics toward such a State have included soliciting designs from the public for a new national flag see images to the right and anthem for example, Taiwan the Formosa.

More traditional independence supporters, however, have criticized name rectification as merely a superficial tactic devoid of the larger vision inherent in the independence agenda.

In , Chiang Ching-kuo became director of the secret police , which he remained until Chiang also considered some people who were friends to Americans to be his enemies.

An enemy of the Chiang family, Wu Kuo-chen , was kicked out of his position of governor of Taiwan by Chiang Ching-kuo and fled to America in During the martial law era lasting until , discussion of Taiwan independence was forbidden in Taiwan, at a time when recovery of the mainland and national unification were the stated goals of the ROC.

During that time, many advocates of independence and other dissidents fled overseas, and carried out their advocacy work there, notably in Japan and the United States.

Part of their work involved setting up think tanks, political organizations, and lobbying networks in order to influence the politics of their host countries, notably the United States, the ROC's main ally at the time, though they would not be very successful until much later.

Within Taiwan, the independence movement was one of many dissident causes among the intensifying democracy movement of the s, which culminated in the Kaohsiung Incident.

After the lifting of martial law in , and the acceptance of multi-party politics, the Democratic Progressive Party became increasingly identified with Taiwan independence, which entered its party platform in At the same time, many overseas independence advocates and organizations returned to Taiwan and for the first time openly promoted their cause in Taiwan, gradually building up political support.

Many had previously fled to the US or Europe and had been on a blacklist held by KMT , which had held them back from going back to Taiwan.

By the late s, DPP and Taiwan independence have gained a solid electoral constituency in Taiwan, supported by an increasingly vocal and hardcore base.

As the electoral success of the DPP, and later, the DPP-led Pan-Green Coalition grew in recent years, the Taiwan independence movement shifted focus to identity politics by proposing many plans involving symbolism and social engineering.

The interpretation of historical events such as the February 28 Incident , the use of broadcast language and mother tongue education in schools, the official name and flag of the ROC, slogans in the army, orientation of maps all have been issues of concern to the present-day Taiwan independence movement.

The movement, at its peak in the 70s through the 90s in the form of the Taiwan literature movement and other cultural upheavals, has moderated in recent years with the assimilation of these changes.

Friction between "mainlander" and "native" communities on Taiwan has decreased due to shared interests: increasing economic ties with mainland China, continuing threats by the PRC to invade, and doubts as to whether or not the United States would support a unilateral declaration of independence.

Since the late s many supporters of Taiwan independence have argued that Taiwan, as the ROC, is already independent from the mainland, making a formal declaration unnecessary.

In , Taiwanese president Lee Teng-hui was given permission to speak at Cornell University about his dream of Taiwanese independence, the first time a Taiwanese leader had been allowed to visit the United States.

This led to a military response from China that included buying Russian submarines and conducting missile tests near Taiwan.

In February , President Chen Shui-bian initiated changes to names of state-owned enterprises, and the nation's embassies and overseas representative offices.

As a result, Chunghwa Post Co. However, the name of the post office was reverted to 'Chunghwa Post Co. The Pan-Blue camp voiced its opposition to the changes and the former KMT Chairman Ma Ying-jeou said that it would generate diplomatic troubles and cause cross-strait tensions.

It also argued that without a change in the relevant legislation pertaining to state-owned enterprises, the name changes of these enterprises could not be valid.

As the Pan-Blue camp held only a slim parliamentary majority throughout the administration of President Chen, the Government's motion to change the law to this effect were blocked by the opposition.

Later, U. Former president Lee Teng-hui has stated that he never pursued Taiwanese independence.

Lee views Taiwan as already an independent state, and that the call for "Taiwanese independence" could even confuse the international community by implying that Taiwan once viewed itself as part of China.

From this perspective, Taiwan is independent even if it remains unable to enter the UN. Lee said the most important goals are to improve the people's livelihoods, build national consciousness, make a formal name change and draft a new constitution that reflects the present reality so that Taiwan can officially identify itself as a country.

Legislative elections were held on 12 January , resulting in a supermajority 86 of the seats in the legislature for the Kuomintang KMT and the Pan-Blue Coalition.

President Chen Shui-bian 's Democratic Progressive Party was handed a heavy defeat, winning only the remaining 27 seats. Two months later, the election for the 12th-term President and Vice-President of the Republic of China was held on Saturday, 22 March Along with the legislative election , Ma's landslide victory brought the Kuomintang back to power in Taiwan.

On 2 September , President Ma defined the relations between Taiwan and mainland China as " special ", but "not that between two states" - they are relations based on two areas of one state, with Taiwan considering that state to be the Republic of China, and mainland China considering that state to be the People's Republic of China.

Ma's approach with the mainland is conspicuously evasive of political negotiations that may lead to unification which is the mainland's ultimate goal.

Domestically, the issue of independence has dominated Taiwanese politics for the past few decades. This is also a grave issue for mainland China.

Although the Democratic Progressive Party was originally also an advocate for both the idea of a Taiwanese state and Taiwan independence, they now take a middle line in which a sovereign, independent Taiwan is identified with the "Republic of China Taiwan " and its symbols.

While so, military intervention could still be sought should a formal declaration of war be made by the President of the United States in an act of Congress signed by the President.

The questions of independence and the island's relationship to mainland China are complex and inspire very strong emotions among Taiwanese people.

There are some who continue to maintain the KMT's position, which states that the ROC is the sole legitimate government for all of China of which they consider Taiwan to be a part , and that the aim of the government should be eventual reunification of the mainland and Taiwan under the rule of the ROC.

Some argue that Taiwan has been, and should continue to be, completely independent from China and should become a Taiwanese state with a distinct name.

Then, there are numerous positions running the entire spectrum between these two extremes, as well as differing opinions on how best to manage either situation should it ever be realized.

On 25 October , in Beijing, the U. From the DPP's side, President Chen declared that "Taiwan is definitely a sovereign, independent country, a great country that absolutely does not belong to the People's Republic of China".

The first view considers the move for Taiwan independence as a nationalist movement. Historically, this was view of such pro-independence groups as the tangwai movement which later grew into the Democratic Progressive Party who argued that the ROC under the Kuomintang had been a "foreign regime" forcibly imposed on Taiwan.

Since the s, supporters of Taiwan independence no longer actively make this argument. It is also thought that if formal independence were declared, Taiwan's foreign policies would lean further towards Japan and the United States, and the desirable option of United Nations Trusteeship Council is also considered.

The Taiwan Independence Party won a single seat in the Legislative Yuan in the legislative election. The Taiwan Solidarity Union was formed in , and is also supportive of independence.

In , political parties and organizations demanding a referendum on Taiwan's independence formed an alliance to further their objective.

The Formosa Alliance was established on 7 April , prompted by a sense of crisis in the face of growing pressure from China for unification.

Although previously no major political faction adopted this pro- status quo viewpoint, because it is a "compromise" in face of PRC threats and American warnings against a unilateral declaration of independence, the DPP combined it with their traditional belief to form their latest official policy.

This viewpoint has not been adopted by more radical groups such as the Taiwan Solidarity Union , which favor only the third view described above and are in favor of a Republic or State of Taiwan.

In addition, many members of the Pan-Blue Coalition are rather suspicious of this view, fearing that adopting this definition of Taiwan independence is merely an insincere stealth tactical effort to advance desinicization and the third view of Taiwan independence.

As a result, supporters of Pan-Blue tend to make a clear distinction between Taiwan independence and Taiwan sovereignty , while supporters of Pan-Green tend to try to blur the distinction between the two.

Most Taiwanese and political parties of the ROC support the status quo , and recognize that this is de facto independence through sovereign self-rule.

Even among those who believe Taiwan is and should remain independent, the threat of war from PRC softens their approach, and they tend to support maintaining the status quo rather than pursuing an ideological path that could result in war with the PRC.

A similar situation arose when President Chen Shui-bian declared that there was " one country on each side " of the Taiwan Strait.

To this day, the parties disagree, sometimes bitterly, on such things as territory, name R. The Pan-Blue Coalition and the PRC believe that Lee Teng-hui and Chen Shui-bian are intent on publicly promoting a moderate form of Taiwan independence in order to advance secretly deeper forms of Taiwan independence, and that they intend to use popular support on Taiwan for political separation to advance notions of cultural and economic separation.

The third view, put forward by the government of the PRC and Nationalists of the KMT [ citation needed ] , defines Taiwan independence as "splitting Taiwan from China, causing division of the nation and the people.

Others propose a broader and more flexible definition suggesting that both mainland China and Taiwan are parts that form one cultural and geographic entity, although divided politically as a vestige of the Chinese Civil War.

The PRC considers itself the sole legitimate government of all China, and the ROC to be a defunct entity replaced in the Communist revolution that succeeded in Therefore, assertions that the ROC is a sovereign state are construed as support for Taiwan independence, so are proposals to change the name of the ROC.

Such a name change is met with even more disapproval since it rejects Taiwan as part of the greater China entity as one side of a still-unresolved Chinese civil war.

President George W. Bush reaffirmed to the world that the U. According to an opinion poll conducted in Taiwan by the Mainland Affairs Council in , When the government of the Republic of China under the Kuomintang was forced to retreat to Formosa and the Pescadores [41] Taiwan and Penghu in , several Chinese i.

The islands are often referred to collectively as Quemoy and Matsu [42] or as " Golden Horse ". Historically, Kinmen County 'Quemoy' and Lienchiang County 'Matsu' served as important defensive strongholds for the Kuomintang during the —s, symbolizing the frontline of Kuomintang resistance against the Communist rebellion.

They represented the last Kuomintang presence in " mainland China ". They were very significant in the context of the Cold War , a period from until of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union and its allies and the United States and its allies.

Ever since the transition into multi-party politics i. Currently the two electorates are "strongholds" for the Kuomintang [44] due mainly to popular opinion within the electorates, rather than brute control as in the past.

Reportedly, the local government of Kinmen County supports stronger business and cultural ties with mainland China, similarly to the Kuomintang, and views itself as an important proxy representative or nexus focal point for improving Cross-Strait relations that is, in the favour of Chinese unification.

This might be accomplished in part by building a huge bridge connecting Kinmen to Xiamen, via the island of Lesser Kinmen Lieyu ; [47] already, a bridge is being constructed between Greater Kinmen and Lesser Kinmen.

In , the local government of Kinmen County unveiled a new undersea pipeline linking Kinmen to mainland China, through which drinking-water can be imported.

Within Taiwan, one camp believes that Kinmen County Quemoy and Lienchiang County Matsu should be abandoned from a potential independent and sovereign Taiwanese state.

This view aligns with the aforementioned treaties and acts that do not define Kinmen and Matsu as being part of Taiwan.

The fact that the PRC propagandizes Kinmen and Matsu is evidence that this is true to at least a certain degree.

In a hypothetical scenario where Kinmen and Matsu are abandoned by the Taiwanese state, they would likely be "ceded" to the People's Republic of China via a peace treaty, officially ending the Chinese Civil War.

Also within Taiwan, a second camp believes that Quemoy and Matsu belong to Taiwan. This camp believes that the ROC and Taiwan have become one and the same.

By this logic, Taiwan effectively owns all of the same territories that the ROC is said to own. Among these territories is Quemoy and Matsu.

If a potential Taiwanese state were to be created, this camp believes that the new country will actually be the successor state to the ROC, rather than an entirely new country.

Therefore, if Taiwan independence were to be successfully achieved, then the islands of Quemoy and Matsu would hypothetically cease to be administered as "Fujian Province", and would instead simply be classified as "satellite islands of Taiwan" much in the same way as Penghu.

Despite the differing views of these two camps, there is a general understanding throughout Taiwan that Quemoy and Matsu are not part of the historical region of "Taiwan", due to having never been governed under the following regimes: Dutch Formosa , Spanish Formosa , Kingdom of Tungning , Republic of Formosa , and Japanese Formosa.

Additionally, Quemoy and Matsu experienced a unique history for several years as military outposts of the ROC, further separating the islands from Taiwan in terms of culture.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Political movement in Taiwan to found a state independent of "China".

Political party. For the republic in Taiwan, see Republic of Formosa. Other branches. Political parties. Related topics.

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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main articles: Kinmen and Matsu Islands.

Taiwan portal China portal Politics portal. Taiwan official website. November 15, Archived from the original on November 15, Retrieved November 16, The Diplomat.

James Pach. Retrieved 27 July Current Notes on International Affairs. Canberra : Department of External Affairs. In this area of tension and danger a distinction, I think, can validly be made between the position of Formosa and Pescadores , and the islands off the China coast now in Nationalist hands; the latter are indisputably part of the territory of China; the former, Formosa and the Pescadores, which were Japanese colonies for fifty years prior to and had had a checkered history before that are not.

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